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Irish Buchanan's

As noted in one of my blog posts, there are upwards of twenty different Irish Buchanan families and offshoots mentioned in the course of William Buchanan of Auchmar's Essay upon the Family and Surname of Buchanan (Glasgow, 1723).  Each one is listed below (in likely order of interest to our own Co. Tyrone line), and over the coming months I will add notes to each as my research allows. Page references are from the 1820 reprint of Buchanan's essay, which is by far the most readable version online, and is available here.


(1) William Buchanan, last of Blairvocky

"William, the last of Blairvocky, resided mostly in Ireland.  He had four sons, Alexander, William, Walter, and Henry.  Alexander the eldest resides in Glendermon, within two miles of Derry, being in very good repute and circumstances.  William, Walter and Henry, reside near Omagh in the county of Tyrone, and kingdom of Ireland." (Auchmar, p. 198)

Not only does our line contain Alexanders and multiple Williams, but they were all based on the outskirts of Omagh from the late 1700s through to the present day, so this seemed the most likely starting point in term of Auchmar's many Irish references.

I began with Alexander, and a suspected typo.  My suspicion, given the distance mentioned, was that Alexander lived in Glendermott, rather than Glendermon (there being no such place easily locatable, and the former being approximately two miles beyond the walls of Derry, on the other side of the River Foyle.  Of further immediate interest was the fact that the Glendermott First Presbyterian Church boasted one Rev. Alexander Buchanan has its second minister, from 1842-1872 (see here).  It turned out, however, that this Alexander was the son of Alexander Buchanan of Glenmaquin, Rapho (see here, as well as the entry under George Buchanan of Drumhead at (10), below).

Information available online at Rootsweb (here) suggests that William, the second brother of four, was born in 1650, and had three children: Walter (b. 1695; d. 1764), Margaret (who married an Archibald Buchanan, relationship, if any, unknown, and had two children, John and Patrick - see here), and James (b. 1697).  But conflicting evidence listed in the Buchanan Book (here) suggests William (or another William off this same line) married and had numerous heirs including the Fintona Buchanans (see here).

(2) John, son of Patrick Buchanan of Auchmar

"Patrick Buchanan of Auchmar, besides John his successor, had an illegitimate son called also John, who went to Ireland.  He had two sons, Patrick, who went to the West Indies, and is in very good circumstances in that country; and John, who resides near Newtoun-Stewart, in the country of Tyrone, and hath three sons.  He had also an illegitimate son, Samuel, who resides in Laggan of Tyrconnel." (Auchmar, pp. 191-192)

(3) George Buchanan and sons of Blairlusk

"The third cadet of the family of Carbeth was John, first son of the second marriage of Thomas, third of that name, of Carbth.  This John obtained the tack of Gartincaber.  He had two sons, George and Walter, and two daughters, the endest married to William Buchanan of Ross, the other to one MacAuslan. George had four sons, the eldest John, for whom his father acquired the lands of Blairluisk.  John had two sons, George, who went to Ireland, and William.  George sold Balirluisk to his brother William, now of Blairluisk, who hath two sons, George, younger of Blairluisk, and John, merchant in England.  George, who sold Blairluisk, hath four sons, John and William, who reside in the country of Tyrone, George, who resides in Munster, and Thomas, in the country of Donegall.  John first of Gartincaber’s second son was Walter, who had no male issue.  John had an illegitimate son, Thomas, who went to Ireland, and had one son, John, whose only son, George, in Glenmaqueen, had four sons, John, William, Matthew, and George, who reside mostly in the counties of Derry and Donegall.  George of Gartincaber’s second son, George, was father to Thomas Buchanan in Creitchael, in Buchanan parish. … George’s fourth son was Andrew, who had three sons, two of these having gone to Ireland, and one residing in Drymen parish." (Auchmar, pp. 239-240)

See here and here for some initial notes.

(4) Maurice Buchanan

"The second cadet of the family of Auchmar, was Mr Maurice Buchanan, fourth son to George Buchanan of Auchmar.  He was a preacher in the county of Tyrone, and had one son, James, who had only on son, captain Maurice, who resides near Dublin." (Auchmar, p. 191)

(5) George, son of William Buchanan of Auchmar

"William of Auchmar, has an illegitimate son, called George, whose son John, had a wedset upon the lands of Blairluisk, in Kilmaronock parish, which have sold, he went to Ireland, where diverse of his progeny reside near the village called St Johnstoun, in the county of Derry." (Auchmar, p. 190)

(6) Andrew Buchanan of Ballachneck

"Andrew of Ballachneck had two sons, John, father to Moses Buchanan of Ballachneck, and George, at present in Ballachneck.  Andrew, second brother to John, late Gartinstarry, purchased the lands of Nenbolg and Provanstoun, being designated by the latter.  Andrew, second son to John, first of Cashly, who went to Ireland, was ancestor to John, Andrew, and William, with others residing near Dunvigan in the county of Derry."  (Auchmar, p. 207)

(7) Robert Buchanan of Blairhenachan

"Robert, second of Blairhenachan, was succeeded by his son of the same name, who had two sons, Archibald his successor, and Robert, who went to Ireland, and resided in Glenmaqueen in the county of Derry." (Auchmar, p. 219)

(8) Mad Robert and Patrick the Champion

"Mad Robert had only one son, called Patrick, who, as his father than that of Coich, had the nickname of Courrui, or champion … He had four sons, Finlay, Alexander, Thomas, and Patrick.  Of Finlay, the eldest of these, are descended Alexander Buchanan, father of James Buchanan, now of Cremannan, who, with his sons, resides in Ireland. … Of Patrick, the fourth son of Patrick the Courrui, is descended Finlay Buchanan, in Laggan of Tyrconnell in Ireland, who has some brethren, and other relations of that race, residing near Rapho and some other places of that kingdom." (Auchmar, pp. 269-270)

(9) William Buchanan of Auchmar

“the first cadet of the family of Auchmar, was Mr William Buchanan, third son to William the first of Auchmar.  This Mr William went to Ireland, and became manager or factor, for the estate of the family of Hamilton, then lords of Clandeboys, and afterwards earls of Clanbrazil, in the country of Down, which family is now extinct.  He married in that country, and had one son, major William Buchanan, a very brave gentleman, who was major to George, laird of Buchanan’s regiment, at the fatal conflict betwixt the Scots and English at Ennerkeithing.  The major, upon defeat of the Scottish army, being well mounted, made his way through a party of English horsemen, and though pursued for some miles, came off safe, having killed diverse of the pursuers.  He went afterwards to Ireland, and purchased an estate there, called Scrabohill, near Newtoun Clandeboys, in the County of Down.  He had two sons, the eldest continued in Ireland, and the younger went abroad.  He had also two daughters, both married in that country." (Auchmar, pp. 198-190)

(10) George Buchanan of Drumhead

"The last cadet of the family of Drumhead, is George, the present Drumhead’s uncle.  He resided the most of this time near Rapho, in the county of Derry in Ireland.  He purchased a pretty good interest in that kingdom,  He was a gentleman of very good character, and very much esteemed in that place.  He had two sons, the eldest succeeded to his interests, the youngest was a clergyman." (Auchmar, p. 221)

As an offshoot of research above, we discovered that Alexander Buchanan, Presbyterian Minister of Glendermott, was the son of another Alexander Buchanan of Rapho.  Brief biographical information on the later Alexander is available (here), and a portrait, copied below, is also available (here).

(11) James Buchanan, Mayor of Dublin

"Also the ancestor of those Buchanans lately in Borland, no in other parts of Buchanan paroch, was a cadet of this family.  James Buchanan, uncle of these last-mentioned, went to Ireland in the beginning of the reign of king Charles II.  John, eldest son of the said James, being a person of good parts and education, became lord mayor of Dublin, and upon that account obtained the honour of Knighthood; he purchased a good estate near that city, of which is son is now in possession, who, with some other sons of his, a brother, and others of this family, resides in Leinster, and other places of that kingdom." (Auchmar, p. 263)

(12) Patrick Buchanan of Wester Ballat

"Duncan, the said John’s brother, was ancestor to Patrick Buchanan of Wester Ballat, who had three sons, John, the eldest, who had issue; Mr Thomas, writer in Edinburgh; and Duncan, merchant in London.  Of this camily is descended, John Buchanan in Hiltoun of Buchlyvie; Patrick Buchanan Merchant at Kippen kirk, with some others in these parts.  There are also divers of this family in the counties of Antrim and Down, in Ireland." (Auchmar, p. 222)

(13) Captain William Buchanan

"This last Arnpryor had two bretheren; Mr David, a gentleman of great learning, of whom I shall speak afterwards, and captain William, a gentleman of very much courage, and of the greatest art and dexterity in managing a sword of any of his time.  He killed an Italian in Dublin, in presence of the lord lieutenant, and other nobility of that kingdom; the same Italian having gone through most nations in Europe, always having had the victory of all he encountered with.  Captain William, being one of Buchanan’s captains at Ennerkeithing, a certain English officer, when the two armies advanced near to one another, stept forth, and challenged any of the Scottish army to exchange a few blows with him.  The challenge was accepted by captain William, who, though a very little man of person, did in a trice kill that English champion.  This captain William resided mostly in Ireland, in which kingdom his progeny continued." (Auchmar, p. 206)

(14) Buchanan of Cashill

"The ancestor of the Buchanans of Cashill was always reputed an immediate cadet of the family of Buchanan; the first of these having obtained the lands of Cashill from the laird of Buchanan, by which that family was designated, and retained possession thereof for some ages, until about the latter part of the rign of queen Mary, Robert Buchanan of Cashill, and Walter Buchanan his son, fell at variance with Thomas Buchanan in Arduill, their kinsman and neighbour, in which contest the said Thomas and his son Duncan were both killed by those of Cashill, for which cause the laird of Buchanan dispossessed them of Cashill; where upon Walter, Robert’s eldest son went to Ireland, where divers of his posterity remain yet." (Auchmar, p. 267)

(15) Buchanan's of Drumikill (1)

"The sixth cadet of the family of Drumikill was Walter of Conachra in Drymen parish, second son of Thomas, third of that name, and fifth laird of Drumikill.  There are none of his male issue living except Thomas Buchanan of Kirkhouse of Strablane, and his children.  The said Walter had one daughter, married to John Govean in Drymen, being mother to William Govean of Drumquhassil.  The said Thomas had a third son, James, who went to Ireland." (Auchmar, p. 224)

(16) Buchanan's of Drumikill (2)

"The seventh cadet of Drumikill was Thomas, second son of William, sixth laird of Drumikill.  He, with his brother George, went to Ireland, where their progeny reside." (Auchmar, p. 224)

(17) Dugal Buchanan

"Thomas’s successor was John, who sold Stainiflet, as appears by precept of Claire Constat, in his favour, as heir to Thomas his father, by John, earl of Montrose, of the lands of Lecher, dated in the year 1581.  This John had two sons, Walter his successor, and Dugal, who went to Ireland, some of whose posterity having returned, reside at Linlithgow and Queensferry; and others remained in Ireland." (Auchmar, p. 262)

(18) James Buchanan

"To Walter, succeeded his son Thomas, as is clear by the charter already mentioned, with divers others.  He was first married to Logan of Balvey’s daughter; secondly, to Stirling of Glorat’s daughter.  Of these marriages he had three sons, William, his successor; Walter of Conochra; and James who went to Ireland." (Auchmar, p. 214)

(19) Thomas and George Buchanan

"Thomas was succeeded by his son William, who married Semple of Fulwood’s daughter, by whom he had three sons, Walter his successor; Thomas and George; which last two went to Ireland, where divers of their progeny live in good circumstances." (Auchmar, pp. 214-215)

(20) Patrick Buchanan of Auchmar

"Patrick Buchanan of Auchmar had an illegitimate son, John, who went to Ireland." (Auchmar, p. 189)

(21) Angus Buchanan

"There was one Angus Buchanan of Finnicktenent, reputed a cadet of Drumikill, and if so, behoved to be a third son of Robert, second laird of Drumikill.  The last of that family went to Ireland, more than an age ago.  There being no account whether any of that race be remaining in that kingdom or not, there is no great occasion to insist too much upon the descent of the same." (Auchmar, pp. 222-223)

(22) John Buchanan of Arnpryor

"John Buchanan, who sold Arnpryor, having gone to Ireland, was killed by the Irish in the year 1641.  He had two sons, William and David, who both died without issue.  He had also three daughters; Dorothy, first married to Robert Buchanan, one of king Charles I his butlers.  To him she had two daughters, both married in Ireland.  She was afterwards married to colonel Hublethorn, and Englishman, governor of Waterford.  She had by him one son, captain Hublethorn, and some daughters.  Arnpryor’s second daughter was Alive, married to Cunningham of Trinbeg.  The third, Anna, married to Cunningham of Finnick." (Auchmar, p. 206)

(23) Buchanan of Arnpryor

"The oldest writes of this family being carried off when the last laird of Arnpryor went to Ireland, or some other way lost, the manner of the descent thereof off the family of Buchanan cannot be so clearly illustrated as otherwise it might." (Auchmar, p. 200)

(24) The MacWatties

(after discussing a name change) "There are some of these Macwatties in the shire of Argyll, and in the country of Tyrone in Ireland." (Auchmar, p. 256)

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